Idle Control Valve
PURPOSE AND OPERATION
The Idle Air Control (IAC) valve is provided on the intake air chamber and intake air bypassing the throttle valve is directed to the IAC valve through a hose. A stepper motor is built into the Idle control valve. It consists of four coils, the magnetic rotor, valve shaft and valve.
When current flows to the coils due to signals from the Engine Control Module (ECM) , the rotor turns and moves the valve shaft forward or backward, changing the clearance between the valve and the valve seat. In this way the intake air volume bypassing the throttle valve is regulated, controlling the engine idle speed. There are 125 possible positions to which the valve can be opened or closed by the engine control unit.